How can cholelithiasis and cholecystitis affect the liver and pancreas? Explain why one cannot live without the pancreas.


What is the purpose of dialysis and the difference between hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis?


 Zach is a high school football player. He took a hard blow to the left flank and has a large bruise. He came into the ER with a suspected acute kidney injury.


What signs and symptoms would you expect to see?


What diagnostic test would you expect to be order and why? What is the treatment for acute kidney injury?