Church attendance is a central religious practice for many Christians; some Christian denominations, such as the Catholic Church require church attendance on the Lord’s Day (Sunday); the Westminster Confession of Faith is held by the Reformed Churches and teaches first-day Sabbatarianism,[2] thus proclaiming the duty of public worship in keeping with the Ten Commandments.[3] Similarly, The General Rules of the Methodist Church also requires “attending upon all the ordinances of God” including “the public worship of God”.[4] Until 1791, the government of the United Kingdom required attendance at church services of the Church of England (the mother Church of the Anglican Communion and a state Church) at least twice a year.[5]

The Lutheran Christian theologian Balthasar Münter [da] stated that church attendance is the “foundation for the Christian life” as “the Christian Bible and the sacraments provide the framework for the faith”; he also states that it is important for believers because it aids in the prevention of backsliding, as well as offers “the company of other believers“.[6]

According to data from the European Social Survey in 2012 around a third of European Christians say they attend services once a month or more.[7] Conversely about two-thirds of Latin American Christians and according to the World Values Survey about 90% of African Christians (in Ghana, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa and Zimbabwe) said they attended church regularly.[7] The Gallup International, a self-reporting survey conducted via telephone, indicates that 37% of Americans report that they attend religious services weekly or near-weekly in 2013.[8] The Pew Research Center stated, however, that there is a “sharp increase in church attendance around the two most significant Christian holidays, Christmas and Easter.”[9] As such, on Christmas (a Principal Feast in the Anglican Communion, a holy day of obligation in the Catholic Church and a Festival in the Lutheran Churches), LifeWay Research found that “six out of 10 Americans typically attend church”.[10] Countries that hold or have held a policy of state atheism have actively discouraged church attendance and church membership, often persecuting Christians who continued to worship