Describe the activities that are typically associated with the design and implementation services of the DBA’s technical function. What technical skills are desirable in a DBA?

 Why are testing and evaluation of the database and applications not done by the same people who are responsible for design and implementation? What minimum standards must be met during testing and evaluation?

 Identify some bottlenecks in DBMS performance, and then propose some solutions used in DBMS performance tuning.