What theoretical framework will be employed? Is there an existing theory or rival candidate theories

 

that bear on those aspects of the phenomenon or behavior that are to be explained? If not, what

 

provisional theory or theories will the researcher formulate for the purpose of the study? If

 

provisional theories are lacking, what theory-relevant variables will be considered?

 

• Which aspects of the existing theory or theories will be singled out for testing, refinement, or

 

elaboration?