Race and health refers to how being identified with a specific race influences health. Race is a complex concept that has changed across chronological eras and depends on both self-identification and social recognition. In the study of race and health, scientists organize people in racial categories depending on different factors such as: phenotype, ancestry, social identity, genetic makeup and lived experience. “Race” and ethnicity often remain undifferentiated in health research.[2
 Epidemiological data indicate that racial groups are unequally affected by diseases, in terms or morbidity and mortality.
 Some individuals in certain racial groups receive less care, have less access to resources, and live shorter lives in general
Health disparities are defined as “preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged populations”. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, they are intrinsically related to the “historical and current unequal distribution of social, political, economic and environmental resources”.
The relationship between race and health has been studied from multidisciplinary perspectives, with increasing focus on how racism influences health disparities, and how environmental and physiological factors respond to one another and to genetics.[7