W​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​eek 9: Methods of Program Evaluation Evaluation is an integral part of any program, and the design of evaluation can be thought of as a companion process to program design. This week, you examine aspects of evaluation and its integration in the program-planning process. With this significant undertaking, you consider how to determine if a program is effective and successful, including how best to measure this. In addition to continuing your Practicum Experience, you participate in a Discussion with your colleagues on evaluation and begin Assignment 4. Learning Objectives Students will: Apply an evaluation theory or model to a specific program design Evaluate the appropriate use of performance measurement, monitoring, and summative evaluation Learning Resources Required Readings Hodges, B. C., & Videto, D. M. (2011). Assessment and planning in health programs (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Chapter 10, “Program Evaluation: Background and Basics” Chapter 10 outlines steps for designing evaluation during program planning. Kettner, P. M., Moroney, R. M., & Martin, L. L. (2017). Designing and managing programs: An effectiveness-based approach (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Review Chapter 10, “Performance Measurement, Monitoring, and Program Evaluation” Chapter 11, “Impact Program Evaluation and Hypothesis Testing” Review Chapter 10 and read Chapter 11 to examine aspects of evaluation essential to program planning. Albert, D., Fortin, R., Herrera, C., Riley, B., Hanning, R., Lessio, A., & Rush, B. (2013). Strengthening chronic disease prevention programming: The toward evidence-Informed practice (TEIP) program evidence tool. Preventing Chronic Disease, 10, 1-9 Baron, K., Hodgson, A., & Walshe, C. (2015). Evaluation of an advance care planning education programme for nursing homes: A longitudinal study. Nurse Education Today, 35, 689-695. Schmitt, C.L., Glasgow, L., Lavinghouze, S.R., Ricker, P.P., Fulmer, E., McAleer, K., & Rogers, T. (2016). Measuring infrastructure: A key step in program evaluation and planning. Evaluation and Program Planning, 56, 50-56 doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2016.03.007 Required Media Laureate Education (Producer). (2011). Design and evaluation of programs and projects [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author. “Performance Measurement, Monitoring, and Evaluation” (featuring Dr. Donna Shambley-Ebron, Dr. Melissa Willmarth, and Dr. Debora Dole) You may view this course video by clicking the link or on the course DVD, which contains the same content. Once you’ve opened the link, click on the appropriate media piece. In this week’s videos, Dr. Donna Shambley-Ebron, Dr. Melissa Willmarth, Dr. Debora Dole discuss evaluation for programs. Optional Resources Ahmad, F., Roy, A., Brady, S., Belgeonne, S., Dunn, L., & Pitts, J. (2007). Care pathway initiative for people with intellectual disabilities: Impact evaluation. Journal of Nursing Management, 15(7), 700–702. This article is an example of an impact evaluation. Gard, C. L., Flannigan, P. N., & Cluskey, M. (2004). Program evaluation: An ongoing systematic process. Nursing Education Perspectives, 25(4), 176–179. This article discusses the use of accreditation standards and site visits as a plan for ongoing evaluation for a nursing program. Graff, J. C., Russell, C. K., & Stegbauer, C. C. (2007). Formative and summative evaluation of a practice doctorate program. Nurse Educator, 32(4), 173–177. Milne, L., Scotland, G., Tagiyeva-Milne, N.,​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​ & Hussein, J. (2004). Safe motherhood program evaluation: Theory and practice. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health, 49(4), 338–344. This article identifies and evaluates the different approaches to program evaluation related to safe motherhood. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). Chronic disease indicators [Data set]. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/cdi/. This site allows you to search and compare different regions for specific chronic disease indicators. Discussion: Program Evaluation In this Discussion, you and your colleagues identify a theory or model for evaluation and establish appropriate forms of evaluation for your programs. As noted in Week 3 of this course, a particular theory or model is not necessarily appropriate for every program. It is important to consider the specifics of the problem and the target population when making that selection. This is important to keep in mind, also, as you examine theories and models related to program evaluation. In this instance, various facets of the program such as goals and objectives should be taken into consideration. Once selected, theory can provide a framework for evaluation. In addition, there are distinct purposes for the elements of assessment addressed this week: performance measurement, monitoring, and summative evaluation. How do you foresee these being applied in your program? To prepare: Review this week’s Learning Resources. You may wish to review the Week 3 Learning Resources as well, which may be pertinent. Consider the various facets of your program plan, such as your program goal(s) and objectives. Choose the evaluation theory or model (from nursing or related fields) most appropriate to your program. Be prepared to justify the choice of your model as it relates to your program. Based on the program you have developed: Create a time line for when to do measuring, when to implement monitoring, and when to evaluate program outcomes. What types of data would you need to collect in order to measure performance, monitor the progress of the program, and assess the program outcomes? ******Assignment 4: Evaluation Planning Evaluation Methods****** it is a continuation of assignment 3. I have attached assignment 3 that you completed. I have also attached the rubric.******** As emphasized throughout this course, evaluation should be thought of and addressed from the outset of planning, during implementation, and after a program has ended. This is a critical point to bear in mind for the design and management of programs. For the fourth and final Assignment in this course, you build on the previous development of your program to assess criteria and methods of evaluation for your program. Theories and models play an important role for the planning of evaluation. This week you select a theory or method that is appropriate for your program. Performance measurement, monitoring, and summative evaluation have distinct functions, yet, as noted in this week’s Learning Resources, are each important for program planning. How do they pertain to your program? Click here for an overview of Assignment 4, which is due by Day 7 of Week 10. To prepare for this week’s section of Assignment 4: Identify an evaluation theory or model, aligned to your program goal(s) and objectives. Develop a performance measurement, monitoring, and evaluation time line that: Demonstrates the appropriate use of performance measurement, monitoring, and summative evaluation Distinguishes between the long-term effects of impact evaluation versus short and intermediate health outcomes as a result of the im​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​plementation of the program