1. What is the first pass effect (describe with examples)
  2. Explain the difference between enteral, parenteral and topical routes of administration and provide one example of each. 
  3. Describe two benefits for each of enteral, parenteral and topical routes?
  4. Explain the mechanisms by which sympathomimetic agents work. 
  5. What are the adverse effects associated with high doses of sympathomimetic drugs?
  6. Describe the major indications/uses for drugs targeting each adrenergic receptor subtype?