The course will be assessed by a 4000 word research essay. Students can choose one essay topic below for the submission of your coursework. For the purpose of writing this essay, students are expected to consult a range of primary and secondary materials. ((((The essay must be footnoted and all sources must be properly cited)))). Failure to observe this obligation may result in the loss of marks. Students are reminded that the failure to acknowledge sources relied upon may amount to academic misconduct. Proven academic misconduct carries potential penalties of greater severity than the loss of marks. A case list and bibliography must be submitted with the essay showing all sources consulted. The remarks above in relation to academic misconduct are also pertinent to the obligation in this paragraph. The word limit for the essay is 4000 words. Essay should have a clear single word count marked in front page or before the beginning of the essay. Word limit does not include references or bibliography which should be placed at the end of the essay. In the event that the student is providing extensive footnotes in an attempt to evade the word limit, the marker is free to disregard any substantive material in the footnotes. Footnotes should contain citation to source and should not have substantive material which should be in the text. The student is allowed 10% leeway above 4,000 words which is 4,400 words. – if the student is over 10% over the limit, the marker is entitled to make a discretionary mark reduction of 1%-20% of the overall mark or to refuse to mark beyond that point in the assignment.  Where the ability of a student to comply with the assessment requirements is compromised by illness or other adverse personal circumstance the​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‌‍‍​ matter should be brought to my attention or to the attention of the relevant Programme Administrator as soon as the student is aware of it. >>>Please choose A topic from below that you find better to write about<<<< >>(Update me with which Topic you find the best to Write about)<<<<<< Essay topics 1. Analyse and critically evaluate the different types of law and development interventions carried out by international financial institutions. In your essay, also refer to at least two institutions and discuss in detail two specific law and development projects (one supported by the World Bank and one supported by the Asian Development Bank) covered during this course. 2. Critically evaluate the growth of accountability mechanisms in international financial institutions to address complaints by people adversely affected by projects supported by these institutions and refer to at least two accountability mechanisms. In your essay, also refer to two specific claims heard by the accountability mechanisms covered during this course with each specific claim heard by a different accountability mechanism. 3. “Civil society groups play an important but still largely ineffective role in influencing social policies and the decision-making processes of international financial institutions.” Discuss and critically evaluate this observation. Illustrate your answer by providing three specific examples covered during the course. Note: The term “international financial institutions” in the essay topics above means the World Bank (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Development Association), Asian Development Bank, African Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, and International Finance Corpo​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‌‍‍​ration