O​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​K, for our framework of analysis for Halloween, we are going to focus on gender & sexuality within costumes. Our guiding questions are inspired by Aveni: – how does Halloween offer a liberating moment when, for instance, straight men can dress in skirts and high heels? or women can dress in suits and fake beards without attack? – what are the risks of these cross-dressing, or gender-exaggerating costumes – who is hurt, what norms are reinforced or solidified even as we “play” with costumes? – how did we get from somber rituals of death/afterlife to silly sexy nurse costumes? Our readings to help spur your writing come from a pair of blogs. First, an old-ish article from sex advice columnist Dan Savage (also the guy who started the It Gets Better project for gay youth). Savage has an attitude and likes to piss people off in his columns, but overall he is a sex-positive liberation kind of guy. He argues here that Halloween is “essentially straight pride​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​ day” in that repressed straight folks can dress and act super slutty for one day and be ok. See what you think… Second, as a response, a transgender author (they transitioned from male to female, please use “she” or “they” when referring to their article) pushes back a bit that cross-dressing on Halloween can be dangerous for trans and queer communities. Let’s be generous about this argument, asking ourselves academic questions like “how do rituals walk the line of empowering and oppressing? how do we see serious issues of change/challenge in silly rituals like costumes?” As you write HW4, reflect on your own Halloween practices, or those you’ve witnessed, and apply Aveni and this framework. What have you noticed, what moments have you been part of when rituals “got real” or lines were crosses? You can certainly bring in race, ethnicity, religion and class into our dicussions, even though these writers focus on gender/sexuality​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​.