Jacob is a licensed addiction professional and a Caucasian homosexual male. He has strong ties to his Jewish heritage. He is self-aware and does not feel that he holds any personal biases that would keep him from being effective in therapy with his new client, Gabriella.


Using the above case scenario, answer the following questions:

  • What ethical dilemmas are presented in the case scenario?
  • Describe the cultural, gender, and spiritual considerations in the case scenario.
  • Although Jacob feels that he holds no personal biases, should he reflect on his own biases and values before beginning treatment with Gabriella? If so, discuss one way that he could carry out this reflection.