In the systems approach to organizations, reference is made to ‘feedback’. What

is meant by this term and how can feedback influence the process of

transforming ‘inputs’ into ‘output’?


 Should a firm’s internal structure be influenced by considerations of

management or by the market it serves? Are the two incompatible?


Examine ways in which a firm’s external environment can influence one of the

following functional areas: finance or production or research and development.


 Describe the structure of an organisation with which you are familiar (e.g.

through employment or work experience), indicating why the organisation is

structured in the way it is. Are there any alternative forms of structure the

organisation could adopt?