Discuss the warrant, the reasonableness, and special needs approach that have been used by the U.S Supreme Court to interpret the Fourth Amendment as well as describe specific Supreme Court cases that illustrate the application of each interpretation of the Fourth Amendment.

Discuss the theories or justifications for punishment recognized by academic research or the Supreme court and recent changes in the governing death penalty, particularly for juveniles and defendants with mental disabilities.


Discuss why and how “Victim Impact Statements” (VIS) have been developed, arguments against their use of them, and what Supreme Court cases have set out the law and procedure for the use of VIS