B​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​ak’s paradox is the contradiction between efficiency and optimal operation in complex systems and its inevitable collapse. Apply the Bak’s Sand Pile Theory and the reading​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​s from the text to a realistic situation involving a critical infrastructure network. What are the potential outcomes? What are the causes? Can negative impacts be avoided​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‌‌‌‍‍​?