Adults need opportunities to identify the competency requirements of their occupational and social roles.


Adult readiness peak at times when the learning opportunities are coordinated with a recognition of a need-to-know.


Adults can best identify their own readiness-to-learn.


b. Self-concept One of the aspects of self-concepts differences between adults and children is that children see themselves as dependent on others. Adults are aware of their own independence and of their ability to make decisions and to guide their own direction. In fact, one of the characteristics of maturity is the capacity for self-direction. Implications for adult learning:


Provision of a climate of openness and respect.


Adults enjoy planning and carrying out their own learning exercises.


Adults need to be involved in evaluating their own progress towards self-chosen goals.